Introduction to Condensed Matter Physics


Condensed matter physics is the branch of physics studying the properties of condensed phases of matter such as liquids and solids. The goal is to understand the behavior of condensed phases of matter by using known physical laws. Liquids and solids are the most well known forms of condensed matter but there are others particularly as a result of quantum mechanics. The atoms in condensed matter are closer together and more closely bounded together than in a gas as a result condensed matter tends to be some form of liquid or solid.

The most well know and easiest phase transition to observe is between solid and liquid. Such as ice melting. The phase transition between liquid and gas is next showing up in evaporation and boiling. The phase transition between solid and gas is next called sublimation it only occurs at the right temperature and pressure for the substance. Solid CO2 will sublimate room temperature and pressure Other phase transition are more sublet as they may not produce a visible change in the object.

 

Condensed Matter Physics


 

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