Entropy and Abiogenesis


Living cells are highly organized complex systems consisting of numerous molecular machines. These molecular machines perform numerous functions. and they are indispensable to a cells function and maintenance. There are three main kinds of cells and each kinds have unique qualities.

Prokaryote cell

Plant cell

Animal Cell

This include single celled organisms like  bacteria The have no nucleus and no mitochondria. This type of cell includes the simplest living cells. This type of cell contains chlorophyll which allows them to absorb solar energy. This type of cell has no cell wall. This is a property that makes them flexible. This type cell is found in both animals and people.

Cellular machinery is an important part of cellular function. These molecular machines copy, manufacture, and transport. The fact is that without these molecular machines cells could not repair themselves or reproduce.

DNA dose not replicate itself but copying DNA requires several molecular machines. These molecular machines unwind the DNA, separated it, transcribe it, and rewind it. The transposing of DNA information in to RNA takes a molecular machine (RNA polymerase) which separates the DNA, transposes it to RNA and finally reconnects the DNA.

A Ribosome is a molecular machine that uses the RNA to manufacture proteins on demand. Another molecular machine then folds the protein stand into the exact shape needed for its job.

Motor proteins carry proteins to where they are needed in bags called vesicle. The motor proteins carry the vesicle by walking along microtubules.
 

The following video are additional videos show the complexity and organization of a living cell.

(Note: These videos were not made by GSM)

The above illustrations and videos show that living cells are highly complex organized systems. As seen in the first video by examining all of the ways that energy could be applied to non living mater and even a hypothetical overly simplified cell including  heat, radiation, electricity (lighting) solar energy and chemistry.

The formula that relates the application of energy  to the change of entropy in a system.

Number of equivalent microstates of the applied energy is We

Number of initial equivalent microstates of the system is W
The maximum change in entropy is denoted as DSmax.
k is the Boltzmann Constant = 1.38 X 10-23 JL-1

Appling the formula that relates the application of energy  to the change of entropy in a system we have shown that non of these ways that energy could be applied to non living mater and even a hypothetical overly simplified cell  proved to lack sufficient order so as to produce the enormous decrease that is needed for abiogenesis. Natural Selection also falls short and can not lead to the origin of life since it only works on life.

As shown in the first video there is no natural way of producing the cellular machinery seen in to days cells and as such:

Abiogenesis is a thermodynamic impossibility.

Ultimately only one known phenomenon satisfies the requirements thermodynamics for origin of life is intelligence. The needed intelligence needs to be from outside our universe which makes such an intelligence supernatural by definition. This is intelligence would also by definition be the being we call God.


Reference

Entropy and Applied Energy
A reprint of the original paper on the affect on
entropy of the application of energy to a system.
 

 


 

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